The United Nations recognize gender equality as one of the Sustainable Development Goals to be achieved by 2030. Indeed in most countries of the so-called developed world, namely in Europe, men and women have equal rights and opportunities in light of the Law. Yet, few women are present in leadership positions despite having the same, or even, higher levels of education. Although many hypotheses have been proposed, the reasons behind this “glass ceiling” remain unclear.
Political discourse in parliament provides a unique case-study on gender differences both in the behavior of women as well as on the behavior towards women. We make use of natural language processing techniques as well as basic statistics to identify differences between male and female behavior and discourse in the portuguese parliament. Our goal is to reveal subtle differences so that both the public and the politicians themselves are aware of them.